The emancipation of minors is a legal mechanism by which a minor is no longer under the control of his parents or guardians and receives the legal rights associated with adults. Depending on the country, emancipation can be achieved in different ways: through marriage, economic self-sufficiency, graduation or training, or participation in some form of military service. In the United States, all states have some form of emancipation of minors. [19] Sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal in Oman. [15] The legal age of consent to sexual activity varies across provinces and territories in Asia, ranging from 9 years (Yemen) to 21 years (Hong Kong for women who have sex). The specific activity or gender of the participants may also be relevant factors. Below is a discussion of the various laws that deal with this issue. Highlighted age refers to an age at or above which a person can have full sexual intercourse with another person who is also at that age or above. Other variables, such as same-sex relationships or near-age exceptions, may exist and may be noted, for example in Indonesia.

Articles 372 and 373 make it illegal to buy or sell minors for the purpose of prostitution. In addition, section 78 of the Children Act 2013 requires any person who has effective responsibility or supervision of a child (redefined by law as a person under the age of 18) to seduce or induce the child into prostitution. [33] Section 377A (Indecent Offences) of the Criminal Code states: «Any male who commits or encourages, in public or private, the commission of gross indecency against another male, or who causes or attempts to cause gross indecency towards another male person, shall be liable to imprisonment for a term of up to 2 years.» This means that any male sexual activity of the same sex (including mutual masturbation, oral or anal sex) is still illegal and the penalty can be up to two (2) years in prison, based on the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. The term «minor» is not clearly defined in most jurisdictions. The age of criminal responsibility and consent, the age at which school attendance is no longer compulsory, the age at which legally binding contracts can be concluded, etc. may vary. The general age of consent in Macau is 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation. Although persons under the age of 18 are considered minors, the Criminal Code does not criminalize sexual relations with persons over the age of 16 (except in the specific case of minors between the ages of 16 and 18 who have been entrusted to an adult for educational or support purposes and who have abused this position (article 167/1 (b) of the Macao Penal Code)).

«Other sexual abuse» requires «a form of coercion that amounts to intimidation.» The courts have clarified that «exercise of influence» means «the abuse of power or trust in a manner that deprives one person of his or her free will and replaces the purpose of another.» [100] Any sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal in Saudi Arabia. In 2019, Saudi Arabia officially banned all marriages under the age of 18 for both men and women. [107] The push to ban child marriage was initially challenged by high-ranking clerics, who argued that a woman reaches adulthood during puberty. However, the Saudi Shura Council has banned marriages before the age of 15 and requires court approval for anyone under the age of 18. [108] According to the Child Protection Act, the Act contains a provision stating: «Before entering into a marriage contract, it must be ensured that a person who has attained the age of 18 before the age of 18: (b) is not disadvantaged by either men or women.» [109] (2) A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable to the same penalty as the person would have had to pay if the person had been convicted of an offence under section 376B. In April 2008, the case of Nujood Ali, a 10-year-old girl who divorced, made headlines around the world and led to calls to raise the legal age of marriage to 18. [124] Later in 2008, the Supreme Council for Motherhood and Childhood proposed setting the minimum age of marriage at 18. The law was passed in April 2009, but abandoned the next day after attempts by opposing parliamentarians. Negotiations on the adoption of the law are ongoing.

[125] The court process, including reporting a crime to police and appearing in court, can be intimidating, especially for minors. The age of consent in East Timor is 14 years, regardless of gender or sexual orientation, in accordance with article 177. However, sexual acts with a teenager between the ages of 14 and 15 are illegal if an adult performs them with the adolescent by «exploiting» the young person`s inexperience. (Section 178). [23] Therefore, a minor in Thailand refers to anyone under the age of 20, unless married. A minor cannot perform any legal act – for example, sign contracts. If minors wish to perform a legal act, they must obtain the consent of their legal representative, usually (but not always) the parents, otherwise the act is questionable. Exceptions are acts by which a minor simply acquires a right or is released from an obligation, strictly personal acts and actions that correspond to his or her living situation and are necessary for his or her reasonable needs. The minor may draw up a will at the age of fifteen.

If a girl under the age of 16 has induced another person to have sexual intercourse with her, she may be guilty of the offence of legal entry into a minor under section 376A of the Penal Code. CCSA primarily supports older adolescents and adult survivors. We provide limited support to minor survivors in the form of case management, but not therapy. If a child needs support, we work with other agencies and refer the survivor to helpful resources. We can also offer emotional and practical support to older family members of the surviving child. Please note that although we take confidentiality very seriously, in certain situations – for example, when a minor is at risk of harm – we must inform authorities such as the police or child protection services of the situation.